Gujarat Vidyapith was founded by Mahatma Gandhi on 18th October 1920. Gujarat Vidyapith is a deemed to be university since 1963. Gujarat Vidyapith is funded by the U. G. C. (University Grants Commission) for higher education programs. It was started as Rashtriya Vidyapith (National Institute of University Education) in the wake of the Non-cooperation Movement. Mahatma Gandhi remained its life-long Kulpati (Chancellor) till 1948. The Institute imparts higher education with an integrated system of education teaching from the Nursery to the Doctorate level. The main objective is to prepare workers of character, ability, culture, and dedication for the conduct of movements connected with the regeneration of the country in accordance with the ideals given by Mahatma Gandhi. The guiding principles on which the integrated system of education, from Nursery and basic Schools to Higher Secondary and from Bachelor to Master, M. Phil. & Doctorate level degrees in various disciplines have evolved include:-
- Adherence to truth and non-violence
- Participation in productive work with a sense of dignity of labour
- Acceptance of equality of religions
- Priority for the need of villages dwellers in all curricula and
- Use of mother-tongue as a medium of instructions.
Accordingly, the education system of Gujarat Vidyapith includes regular participation in community work, residential life, social service, community prayers, simple and self-reliant living, study tours and field studies, Hand spinning, and training in Craft Work. The program of education has been linked with the national needs of rural uplift to promote education conducive to the grassroots levels of society. The chief concern of the Gujarat Vidyapith is to conduct experiments in various fields of education to develop the application of Gandhian thought and ways in all aspects of education.